Saving energy has not been a big topic in Moldova until recently. Russia's war of aggression has significantly worsened the situation. Moldova is 95% dependent on Russia in the energy sector and, in addition to the government, civil society must also play its part.
This project aims to contribute to Moldova's independence and its preparation for the 21st century through training, campaigns and exchanges with German experts. In ongoing training, consultants are trained to provide support on energy saving. They attend a 2-day workshop in Rîșcova, and then consult the households in their communities.
The knowledge will be deepened by a visit to Germany. At the same time, there will be debates on solar and thermal energy, thermal insulation and other energy efficiency techniques, and simple energy-saving tips for the wider public in advocacy campaigns.
The aim is to keep the topic of energy efficiency in the spotlight for the winter of 2023-2024.
The calendar of activities:
During the training in Rîșcova, EcoVillage Moldova, participants learned about energy efficiency practices and techniques that can be applied in a Moldovan household. Thus, the participants had a theoretical insight into the subject with the help of experts, but also an exchange of practical knowledge based on practices and infrastructure already existing at EcoVillage Moldova.
The project beneficiaries had a study visit to Germany in August 2023. This involved numerous visits and exchanges of experience with local experts, who are leaders in the field of energy efficiency and use technology, innovation and resource efficiency to create an efficient system with a positive environmental impact. Here are some of those visits:
In Wolfhagen, we met Manfred Schaub, Energie 2000 project manager, who, with over 23 years of experience in energy efficiency, told us how communities can work together to produce and sell energy. So we visited a wind farm, which is run by a local cooperative, whose members told us about their experience in this project.
On the other hand, the Kassel region has amazed us with the social projects in which the community is involved. The Stromspar-Check project supports socially vulnerable and/or low-income households with consultancy and financial support to make their homes more efficient at minimal cost. Clever for the climate - a forward-looking project in which climate protection is achieved through energy savings in schools and kindergartens - sustainably and without large investments, just through resource efficiency (such as biomass heating with an automated supply system).
Although renewable energy technologies are considered innovations, they can still be combined with historic buildings, and become unique projects, as we saw at Wasserschloss Wülmersen - on the almost ruined roof of an old castle, where transparent photovoltaic panels were installed.
In addition to the financial benefit, farmers gain valuable fertiliser and can exploit the poor quality crop, which is not saleable but suitable for energy use.
Axel Götte, a teacher of physical education from Niederelsungen, showed us his ancestors' building (a former grain warehouse and an old stable), which he renovated into a private house according to energy efficiency principles.
In Dortmund, Martin Steinestel, an energy consultant with more than 20 years' experience, showed us how a community can make considerable savings on heating with heat pumps and electricity from photovoltaic panels installed on roofs as well as insulating old buildings to avoid heat loss. Then Holger Kanschik gave us a tour with a look at the city's energy evolution over the past 150 years. We could see how Dortmund has been transformed from an industrialised city with a developed metal industry into a comfortable place to live, and for this urban planning project, Dortmund won the German Urban Development Award.
In the Viaduct Blick community we looked at a good example of combined heat and power - a complex, well-defined system that makes maximum use of fossil fuel energy (electricity and heat) and reduces CO² emissions. Community members have installed simple photovoltaic panels, connected only to the 220 V socket, and for community needs have rooftop photovoltaic panels, and green roofs, designed to absorb water and reflect the sun's rays. These practices can be implemented in Moldova to reduce consumption and increase the efficiency of heating systems.
The project "REDUCE ENERGY: Energy efficiency solutions for better communities" funded by the German Federal Foreign Office and implemented by EcoVisio in partnership with Active Commons e.V. from Germany runs from July to December 2023 in Moldova.